Java


Developed by Sun Microsystems, now a subsidiary of Oracle Corporation, Java represents a programming language together accompanied by a number of software products that allow software development and deployment in a cross-platform environment.

Advantages

  • Good portability
  • Large base of existing libraries and tools

Disadvantages

  • Requires the Java Virtual Machine to be installed
  • Lower performance and higher resource usage than native code

Components

  • AWT
  • Swing
  • Java2D
  • JDBC
  • JNDI
  • RMI
  • JNI
  • JavaBeans

Development tools

  • Eclipse
  • NetBeans

Versions

  • Java Standard Edition (SE) - for general purpose computers (PCs)
  • Java Micro Edition (ME) - for embedded systems (for example mobile phones)
  • Java Enterprise Edition (EE) - for enterprise client-server applications
  • Java Card - for smart cards